Benefit of Bandotan

(Ageratum conyzoides L.)   

Sinonim :
A. ciliare Lour. (non Linn), A. cordifolium Roxb.

Familia :
compositae (asteraceae).

Bandotan herb belonging to the plant annuals, growing upright or lie down at the bottom, about 30-90 cm tall, and branching. Round rods with long hair, if it touches the ground will emit roots. Leaf stalks, distant from each other and crossbones (Compositae), leaf blade ovate with rounded base and a pointed tip, serrated edge, 1-10 cm long, 0.5 to 6 cm wide, both surfaces with long hair leaves the gland located lower surface of leaves, it's green. Compound interest gather 3 or more, flat-shaped tassel out of the end of the shaft, it's white. Flower bulbs 6-8 mm long, with a hairy stem. The fruit is black and is small. Regional distribution, Habitat and Cultivation Bandotan can be propagated by seed. Bandotan originated from tropical America. In Indonesia, bandotan a wild plant and is known as plant pests (weeds) in the garden and in the fields. This plant can be found also in the yard, the road, levee, and the surrounding waterways at an altitude of 1-2100 m above sea level (asl). If the leaves have withered and decayed, this plant will emit unpleasant odors.

Local Name:
LOCAL NAME: Sumatra: bandotan, spear leaf, siangit, spear male, siangik kahwa, grass chicken droppings. Java: babadotan, b. leutik, babandotan, b. Beureum, b. hejo, jukut smell, odor ki, bandotan, berokan, wedusan, wedusan dus, dus bedusan, tempuyak. Sulawesi: dawet, lawet, rukut manooe, rukut weru, gin. FOREIGN NAME: Sheng hong ji (C), Bulak manok (Tag.), ajganda, sahadevi (IP), billy goat weed, white weed, bastard Agrimony (I), Celestine, eupatoire bleue. Simplisia NAME: Agerati Herba (bandotan), Agerati Radix (root bandotan).

Curable Disease:This herb tastes a little bitter, spicy, and its neutral. Bandotan potent stimulant, tonic, reliever fever (antipyretic), antitoksik, eliminate swelling, stop bleeding (hemostatis), laxative menstruation (emenagog), laxative urine (diuretic), and pelumuh fart (kaiminatit). Bandotan leaves can also be used as a vegetable insecticide. Besides conyzoide.s Ageratum L., bandotan are other varieties that have the same properties, namely Ageratum haoustonianum Mill. Bandotan leaf extract (5% and 10%) can prolong the cycle of lust and female mice slowed the development of follicles (virgin and non-virgin). However, no effect on the uterus, vagina, and liver. After the recovery, estrus cycle and return to normal follicle development. There is no difference in effect between virgin and non virgin mice during treatment (Yuni Ahda, JF FMIPA UNAND, - 1993). Bandotan leaf extract in dose of 20% coconut oil not effect wound healing. However, at doses of 40% and 80% can heal significantly according to the dose increase. In fact, the wound healing effects at doses of 80% was not significantly different with 10% povidone iodine (Eliza Magdalene, JF UI Faculty, 1993).

Utilization:PART USED Parts used for medicinal herb (above ground parts) and roots. Herbs used in the form of fresh herbs or dried. INDICATIONS: Bandotan efficacious for the treatment of fever, malaria, sore throat, inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia), inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media), bleeding, such as uterine bleeding, bleeding wounds, and nosebleeds, diarrhea, dysentery, colic (colic), vomiting, flatulence, sprains, stiff, preventing pregnancy, the body tired after working hard, producing little urine, uterine tumors, and hair care. Roots efficacious to overcome: fever. HOW TO USE For drugs taken, boiled 15-30 g dried herb or 30 -60 g of fresh herbs. Another way mashed fresh herbs, then squeeze the juice and water drink. For external use, fresh herb mash until smooth. Next, mix a little vegetable oil and stir until smooth, then dab on fresh wounds, ulcers, eczema, and other skin diseases (such as leprosy / leprosy). Another way, minced dried herbs into powder, and then breathed into the throat sore throat patients. In addition, the fresh leaves can be brewed and seduhannya water can be used to rinse the eyes, abdominal pain, and wash the wound. EXAMPLE USE IN THE COMMUNITY: Pain caused by inflammation of the middle ear bandotan Wash fresh taste, then mash until smooth. As a result, squeeze and strain. Use the juice collected for ear drops. 4 times a day, each time 2 drops of medicine. Bleeding wounds, ulcers, eczema bandotan fresh taste Wash thoroughly, then mash until smooth. Turapkan herbs to the sick body, then wrapped with a bandage. In one day, replace the bandage 3-4 times. Perform this treatment until cured. Boils, ulcers bandotan Wash the fresh herbs to clean. Add a handful of rice was stale and the tip of a teaspoon of salt, and grind until smooth. Turapkan to a hospital, then wrapped with a bandage. Rheumatism (medical term: rheumatism), swelling due to sprain Provide a handful of leaves and young stems of fresh herbs bandotan, a stale lump of rice, and 1/2 teaspoon salt. Next, wash the leaves and young stems thoroughly, then mash with the rice and salt. After the dough like a thick porridge, turapkan potion into the swollen joints with a bandaged. Leave for 1-2 hours, then bandage removed. Perform this treatment 2-3 times a day. Uterine bleeding, sores, ulcers, swollen bruise bandotan 10-15 g of boiled in two cups of water until the remaining into a glass. Once cool, strain and filter drinking water well. Do it 2-3 times a day. Cervical tumors bandotan Boil 30-60 g 15-30 g of fresh or dried herbs dried in three cups of water until the remaining into a glass. Besides boiling water, fresh herbs can also be crushed. Cooking water or juice to drink one glass of water a day. Sore throat (1) Wash bandotan 30-60 g fresh leaves thoroughly, then mash until smooth. Next, squeeze and strain. Add rock sugar solution into the juice to taste and stir until blended. Drinking potions and do three times a day. (2) Wash the leaves bandotan taste, then dry in the sun to dry. Next, grind to a powder. Dust breathed into the throat. Malaria, influenza Boil 15-30 g dry bandotan in two cups of water until the remaining into a glass. Once cool, strain and drink as well. Do it twice a day. Abdominal bloating, heartburn, vomiting Wash one medium bandotan plant thoroughly, then cut into pieces as needed. Boil three cups of water until the remaining into a glass. Once cool, strain and drink as well. Perform this treatment 2-3 times a day until healed. Wash hair care, bandotan fresh leaves and stems thoroughly, then mash until smooth. Apply the results of the collision to the entire scalp and hair. Close the head with a piece of cloth. Let stand for 2-3 hours. Next, rinse the hair d

Composition:Bandotan contains amino acids, organacid, pectic substance, essential oils coumarin, ageratochromene, friedelin, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, tannins, sulfur, and potassium chloride. Root bandotan contains essential oils, alkaloids, and coumarins